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UBERON:0001132

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Name:parathyroid gland
Definition:"The parathyroid gland is an organ specialised for secretion of parathyroid hormone[GO]. Parathyroid glands control the amount of calcium in the blood and within the bones[WP]." [Wikipedia:Parathyroid_gland]
Xrefs:
links:

AAO:0010545
BTO:0000997
EFO:0000862
EV:0100134
FMA:13890
GAID:452
MA:0000128
MAT:0000082
MESH:A.06.407.560
MIAA:0000082
ncithesaurus:Parathyroid_Gland
SCTID:181121007
VHOG:0001188

XAO:0000167
Synonyms: "parathyroid" EXACT []
"parathyroid secreting cell" RELATED []
Comments:Development notes: table 13.1 of Kardong is used to create the taxon-specific developmental relationships here, although some omissions are made for simplicity. Additional notes: Parathyroid glands are found in all adult tetrapods, although they vary in their number, and in their exact position. Mammals typically have four parathyroids, while other groups typically have six. Fish do not possess parathyroid glands, although the ultimobranchial glands, which are found close to the oesophagus, may have a similar function and could even be homologous with the tetrapod parathyroids. Even these glands are absent in the most primitive vertebrates, the jawless fish, but as these species have no bone in their skeletons, only cartilage, it may be that they have less need to regulate calcium metabolism. The conserved homology of genes and calcium-sensing receptors in fish gills with those in the parathryroid glands of birds and mammals is recognized by evolutionary developmental biology as evolution-using genes and gene networks in novel ways to generate new structures with some similar functions and novel functions[WP]. The parathryoid gland is not formed in fish, but is only found in tetrapods. In humans and chick it emerges from pouches 3 and 4, but in mice it is exclusively generated by the third pouch[PMID:16313389]
Alt_id: UBERON:FMA_13890-MA_0000128-MIAA_0000082-XAO_0000167
Subset: organ_slim
uberon_slim

Ontology association
Each term has an is_a parent in the Uberon Ontology, which has a linkage to an another entity and FANTOM5 samples.Libraries were grouped into mutually exclusive facets according to the FANTOM5 sample ontology mapping to UBERON ontologies.

link to ontology dataset
data


Parents

is_a:UBERON:0002368(endocrine gland)
part_of:UBERON:0000949(endocrine system)



Children

is a:FF:0011167 (Parathyroid)

Ontology Tree: Loaded from BioPortal

Ontorolgy tree(Small window open)

FF samples
It includes FANTOM5 samples that overlay the Uberon ontology




Enrichment analysis: top 100 FFCP enriched with this ontology term TOP 100 FANTOM5 Cage Peaks enriched with UBERON:0001132 (parathyroid gland), sorted by p-values
Analyst: Hideya Kawaji

link to source dataset
human : data
mouse : data


No analysis results










Property "Property value" (as page type) with input value "UBPROP:0000001 "Either of the two pairs of small, spherical, encapsulated glands which develop from ventral growths of the third and fourth pharyngeal pouches and are closely associated with the external jugular veins. Calcitonin and parathyroid hormone are secreted by these glands.[AAO]" xsd:string" contains invalid characters or is incomplete and therefore can cause unexpected results during a query or annotation process.